21 Oct 1899. At Vaal Krantz they had to endure their shelling like the rest of the brigade, and lost 2 men killed and 32 wounded. THE GREAT WAR . The Devonshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army which served under various titles and served in many wars and conflicts from 1685 to 1958, such as the Second Boer War, the First World War and the Second World War. In World War II the battalion served in the garrison of Gibraltar. The Devonshire Regiment in the Boer War - The Keep Military Museum, Dorchester, Dorset. The leading regiments were the 1st Royal Scots, 1st Royal Irish, and 1st Devons. The Keep is closing for Christmas. Dorset He did not receive the orders to retire, and his party defended themselves and the wounded of the two batteries till nightfall, inflicting considerable loss on the enemy, and it was only when surrounded that he consented to surrender, because the enemy said they would shoot the wounded if he did not". The 2nd Battalion were based in Aldershot in the summer of 1899. In the great attack on 6th January, after the fight had lasted from 3 am till 5 pm, and notwithstanding every effort by half-battalions of the 1st King's Royal Rifles, 2nd King's Royal Rifles, and companies of various other regiments, the south-east portion of Waggon Hill was still held by the enemy. Men rose up, thinking all was over, not yet having learned what an excess of individual initiative may lead to. 1st Battalion, Devonshire Regiment during the Boer War, 1899-1902 The Devonshires took a leading role in the relief of Ladysmith after a lengthy siege by the Boers. I. He also was wounded". In the fighting between 16th and 24th January at Venter's Spruit and Spion Kop the Devons were not very heavily engaged. Cullompton Devons killed in Mesopotamia - February 1917 . The Devonshire Regiment in the 2nd Boer War . Re: Final despatch & mentions, This page contains all the London Gazette pages for the Boer War. The first was fought between December 1880 and March 1881; the second, in which both the Devonshire Regiment and the Dorsetshire Regiment were involved, broke out on 11th October 1899 and ended on 31st May 1901. Devonshire Regiment during WW1 Since 1815 the balance of power in Europe had been maintained by a series of treaties. Source: General Kitchener. In 1888 Wilhelm II was crowned ‘German Emperor and King of Prussia’ and moved from a policy of maintaining the status quo to a more aggressive position. He was educated at Clifton College and, on leaving, joined the 3rd Militia Battalion, Devonshire Regiment, transferring to the 1st Battalion in May 1899. The 1st Devons were present and lost 1 man killed and 5 wounded. In the fighting between 13th and 27th February they again had their share. Here a fire-fight ensued; but the Devons were not to be denied, and eventually, cheering is they pushed from point to point, they drove the enemy not only off the plateau, but cleared every Boer out of the lower slopes and the dongas surrounding the position. The division had fighting in July and August at Rooikopjes, Amersfoort, and several other places. This magnificent charge has been described by many writers, and to the three companies of the Devons everything in the way of praise and admiration has been given. Last date for orders to be posted out before Christmas. Lieutenant Colonel Park went into action with four officers, but he alone remained untouched at the close. The total loss of the Devons was nearly 28 per cent of those engaged, and the men fired only 12 rounds per rifle. Fax: +44 (0)1305 250373 On the 24th they were not far from the fated kop, and all day had to lie longing for a chance of helping their hard-pressed brothers. In 1958 the regiment was amalgamated with the Dorset Regiment In the battle outside Ladysmith on 30th October (see 1st Liverpool) the 1st Devons were in the centre, under Colonel Ian Hamilton, and had little to do but cover the rather ragged retiral of Colonel Grimwood's brigade. View record for Private J Rickner, devonshire regiment. The Keep Military Museum A Regimental History of the 1st Battalion Devonshire Regiment During the Boer War. They subsequently fought at Inagane and Lydenburg in Natal and South-eastern Transvaal. The conduct of the battalion was also mentioned in the general's despatch. In General Buller's final despatch of 9th November 1900, 6 officers and 5 non-commissioned officers and men were mentioned. The 2nd Devons had been part of General Clery's 2nd Division and had taken part in some of the main actions against the Boers between the Tugela River and Ladysmith. The general took with him part of the 5th Dragoon Guards, the 5th Lancers, five squadrons of the newly raised Imperial Light Horse, some Natal Volunteers, half the 1st Manchester Regiment, and the Natal Field Battery. Barrack Road Lieutenant J E I Masterton was awarded the Victoria Cross for volunteering to take a message to the Imperial Light Horse after he had headed a company of the Devons in the charge. When the order to retire came the Devons were so far forward that they did not all get the command timeously, and Colonel Bullock, 2 officers, and about half a company could not get back. His Territorial Force number, 1833, indicates an enlistment date of around the 10th January 1914. Royal Mail Steamship Titanic. During the siege the battalion did splendid work. When the enemy's guns were reached "and the end of the ridge gained from which the whole of the enemy's camp, full of tents, horses, and men, was fully exposed to view at fixed-sight range, a white flag was raised by the enemy, and Colonel Hamilton ordered the cease fire". Light infantry regiment of the British Army that existed from 1881 until 1958, serving in the Second Boer War, World War I and World War II. An archive of First World War research information on soldiers in the Devonshire Regiment. Albert Spear continued to serve in the Devonshire Regiment after the end of the 2nd Boer War, returning to India in 1902 where he stayed until early 1908. Christmas Closure The 2nd Battalion sailed on the Manilla about 20th October 1899, and arrived at the Cape on 15th November. DORCHESTER In General Buller's final despatch of 9th November 1900, 6 officers and 5 non-commissioned officers and men were mentioned. Condition: Very good. We have a large amount of information in our Research Collections. Boer War (Royal Warwickshire Regiment, Mounted Infantry Regiment, 17th Lancers). Devon-born casualties from the 8th Battalion in The Devonshire Cemetery . The 1st Battalion had been summoned from India, and when war was actually declared, was stationed at Ladysmith. The Devonshires took a leading role in the relief of Ladysmith after a lengthy siege by the Boers. They were brigaded with the 1st Manchesters and 2nd Gordons under Colonel Ian Hamilton, and it was this brigade which did so well at Elandslaagte and subsequently at Waggon Hill on 6th January. There were two Anglo-Boer wars fought between the United Kingdom and the Transvaal Republic and the Orange Free State. Previous owners' signatures to front pastedown and to front free endpaper. On the same day the post known as Observation Hill West, held by the remainder of the Devons, was attacked, but there the enemy was driven off without much difficulty. The Manchesters in the centre and the Gordons on their right rear to attack the extremity of the ridge, move along it, and crumple up the enemy. They were not present at the battle of Glencoe or Talana Hill, but they were soon to have a chance of showing what sterling stuff they contained. Lydenburg was occupied next day. "The 1st and 2nd Battalions of the Devonshire Regiment were engaged in the 2nd Boer War, and went through it with a reputation for gallantry second to none. The Devonshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army which served under various titles and served in many wars and conflicts from 1685 to 1958, such as the Second Boer War, World War I and World War II. In face of a terrible fire the Manchesters and Gordons pulled off their part of the task. Six officers and 7 non-commissioned officers and men were mentioned by Sir George White for their work at Ladysmith. The Devonshire Regiment in the Boer War. On 27th August, in the action at Bergendal, the 2nd Rifle Brigade did most of the fighting, and suffered practically all the losses (see 2nd Rifle Brigade). The QSA with Defence of Ladysmith Clasp and Belfast Clasp and King’s South Africa Medal with SA1901 and SA1902 Clasps in named to John Thomas Connett was born in St Marys Major, Exeter, Devon. Clear plastic dust jacket added at a later date. The Second Anglo-Boer War. The infantry were put under Colonel Ian Hamilton. The 1st Battalion was one of the four infantry battalions which, along with three cavalry regiments and three batteries of Field Artillery, were despatched from India to Natal immediately before war was declared, and when it was obvious that the Boers were massing their forces near the frontiers. The 4th Battalion was embodied from 11 May 1900 to 16 July 1901, serving in the garrison of the Channel Isles. Ernest enlisted with the Devonshire Regiment, when he was 15 years old. Wednesday December 9th - Last Date for Christmas Orders. During a great part of 1901 the battalion was in columns under Major General W Kitchener and other commanders, which operated both south and north of the Delagoa Railway, and did very excellent work. The Devons dashed forward and gained a position under cover within 50 yards of the enemy. 1914 - 1918 (Royal Warwickshire Regiment, Australian Imperial Force (AIF) 1st Remounts Egypt). A quotation from Sir George White's despatch of 23rd March will best show how it was cleared: "At 5 pm Lieutenant Colonel C W Park arrived at Waggon Hill with three companies 1st Battalion Devonshire Regiment, which I had ordered up as a reinforcement, and was at once directed by Colonel Hamilton to turn the enemy off the ridge with the bayonet. As this blog is for a side project to my main area of interest it may not get updated very often but I will try to post as often as I can. After this the IVth Division crossed the Koomati Poort Railway and marched towards Lydenburg. About two o'clock these came on the scene, the Devons, five companies 2nd Gordons, another squadron of the 5th Dragoon Guards, one of the 5th Lancers, the 21st and 42nd Batteries RFA The Boers were seen to be strongly posted on a ridge, but General French at once decided to attack. Information about some of the men who served in the 2nd Boer War (1899 to 1902) can be found in the National Archives. Photos, obituaries and short service records all available to view and download. Telephone +44 (0)1305 264066info@keepmilitarymuseum.org, Home | History | The Boer War | The Devonshire Regiment in the Boer War. Both the 1st Battalion The Devonshire Regiment and the 2nd Battalion The Devonshire Regimen were involved in the the 2nd Boer War. DNW September 2017: Lafone, W B: Walker, E E W One officer, 1 non-commissioned officer, and 1 private gained mention by Lord Kitchener. Along with the rest of the Ladysmith garrison, the battalion took part in Sir R Buller's northward movement, their brigade companions being the 1st Manchester, 2nd Gordons, and 2nd Rifle Brigade, under General W Kitchener, the divisional commander being General Lyttelton. The story of Elandslaagte was one of the few bright days when bright days were sadly wanting. All Rights Reserved. The losses of the Devons were 4 officers and 29 men wounded. Before the end of the war the 1st Devons were to know the Belfast-Dulstroom-Lydenburg district well, as they remained in it till the spring of 1902. EVENTS LEADING UP TO THE SIEGE OF LADYSMITH. The 1st Battalion were stationed in India in 1899, having just taken part in the Tirah Campaign. In Lord Kitchener's despatches during the war 1 officer and 2 non-commissioned officers gained mention; and in his final despatch 5 officers and 6 non-commissioned officers and men of the Devons were mentioned. The Devonshire Militia battalions were further reduced in 1890, to an establishment of six companies each. Their numbers were greatly depleted by sickness, having discharged 253 men back to England in December 1898. On 24th October Sir George White moved out again north of Ladysmith and fought the action of Rietfontein. On 6th September the enemy were found holding a precipitous ridge 1800 feet above the valley, at a place called Paardeplatz. With the Boer War impending, Kelly was recalled to his regiment on 9 October 1899, and posted to the 2nd Battalion. The 5th Lancers and Imperial Light Horse on our extreme right to work round the Boer left. A REGIMENTAL HISTORY OF THE 1ST BATTALION DEVONSHIRE REGIMENT DURING THE BOER WAR 1899-1902 BY COLONEL M. JACSON London: HUTCHINSON & CO. Paternoster Row 1908 Monument Erected to Officers and Men of the Devonshire Regiment who Fell on January 6th on Wagon Hill, Siege of Ladysmith CONTENTS. A strong, solid account of the doings of a battalion of a West Country regiment in the Boer War. WW1 Actions and Troop Movements for , If J Rickner stayed with this unit, this map shows where he would have fought. The work of the brigade is sketched under the 2nd Queen's. Small split to gutter between rear free endpaper and pastedown. DT1 1RN, Telephone: +44 (0)1305 264066 23 June 1902. In Lord Robert's final despatch 21 officers and 37 non-commissioned officers and men of the Devonshire Regiment were mentioned, but these embraced both battalions. Early on the morning of Saturday, the 21st, he went out northwards towards Elandslaagte, where it was known that a Boer force, which had cut the line to Dundee, was stationed. After some skirmishing he found the Boers too strong for his small body, so about 9 am he wired for reinforcements. 1st Btn. In 1958 the regiment was amalgamated with the Dorset Regiment to form the Devonshire and Dorset Regiment which, in 2007, was amalgamated with the Royal Gloucestershire, Berkshire and Wiltshire Regiment, the Royal Green Jackets and The Light Infantry to form a new large regi… The loss of such a splendid fighting soldier was a most serious one for the battalion. Light foxing to the edges of textblock. The Boers were driven along the ridge, and the Devons pressed in, having assaulted two detached hills. Description. The Devonshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that served under various titles and served in many wars and conflicts from 1685 to 1958, such as the Second Boer War, the First World War and the Second World War. Its first engagement with the enemy was at Elandslaagte on 21 October 1899. Two guns and about 200 prisoners were taken, and Sir George estimated that 100 were killed and 108 wounded. They received orders to stand by for field service on 22nd August 1899 but did not depart from Southampton until October 21. As to the mentions in the final despatches of Lords Roberts and Kitchener, reference is made to what has been noted under the 1st Battalion. Cullompton men in Mesopotamia - 1918 . Copyright © 2004 - 2021 AngloBoerWar.com. The advance of these battalions and their simultaneous arrival on the crest by diverse routes is highly praised by Lord Roberts in his despatch of 10th October 1900. On 18th October General French arrived at Ladysmith. At Alleman's Nek, 11th June, the battalion was escort to the guns, and also sent some companies to occupy a threatened ridge on the right. They were at once sent to Durban, and, along with the 2nd Queen's, 2nd West Yorkshire, and 2nd East Surrey, formed the 2nd Brigade under Major General Hildyard. Are you our next Director? Formed in 1852 it went on to become a battalion of the Devonshire Regiment. For a time they furnished the garrison of Mount Castrol, an isolated fort in an extremely wild district, while some portion of the battalion frequently did trekking with columns or convoys and skirmishing. Two officers of the 1st Devons were mentioned by General Buller for Bergendal. Ten officers and 11 non-commissioned officers and men were mentioned in General Buller's despatch of 30th March 1900 for their good work up to that date. Their casualties were approximately 6 men killed, 2 officers and 77 men wounded. Defence of Ladysmith Devonshire Regiment Medal Pair Queen’s South Africa Medal and King’s South Africa Medal Pair. Click here to read about Lieutenant James Masterson VC, 1st Battalion Devonshire Regiment in the Boer War whose heroic action won him the Victoria Cross. `` Colonel Bullock, 2nd Devons, behaved with great gallantry work round Boer. This page contains all the devonshire regiment boer war Gazette pages for the Boer War the. 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