The people were also aware of Gold, Silver, Copper and Bronze They used to trade some of those?economies for dealings or for cloths and for particular objects. List of 12 Angas Of Jainism : Jain Literature, Alexander’s Invasion of India (327-325 B.C. The men folk wore some lower garment like dhoti and upper garment like shawl. Social Class and Social Structure of Indus Valley Civilization. The Indus Valley civilisation left no temples or tombs, like the Pyramids of Egypt. Fillets made of gold or silver were used to keep the hair in particular position. plains of what are now Pakistan and northwestern India. The use of horse is not yet firmly established. Comparing and Contrasting River Valley Civilizations In the following treatise, the research that will be presented will provide criteria involving similarities and differences in three attributes of life in the four primary river valley civilizations. Background of Indus Valley Civilization The Indus Valley Civilization was an old human progress situated in what is Pakistan and northwest India today, on the prolific flood plain of the Indus River and its region. The upper garment wrapped the left shoulder. INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION Shubham, Nimish, Nihar, Shivangi, Gopinath 2. two typles of wheat and barley. Trade and Commerce and Economy of Harappa. The Indus Valley Civilization is the earliest known culture of the Indian subcontinent of the kind now called “urban” (or centered on large municipalities), and the largest of the four ancient civilizations, which also included Egypt, Mesopotamia, and China. Evidence of religious practices in this area date back approximately to 5500 BCE. So copper had to be discretely used for making necessary implements and weapons like axe, lance, and dagger. Dec 19, 2020 - Economic Life - Indus Valley Civilisation UPSC Video | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. Town Planning 4. Burial of ashes and bones after burning the dead body. The approximate population of Mohenjo-Daro was 35000. Indus cities had a lucrative market of cotton goods in Sumeria and Western Asia. the work of art. The Indus people had three funeral custom viz.. Besides ivory works, combs, pearls were exported to West Asia from the Indus cities. Economic life OF Indus valley civilization. and the granary indicate the existence of a prosperous agricultural community. Takshashila University ( in Rawalpindi ) world's f... Nalanda University founded by Kumaragupta I. Narasimhavarman II popularly known as Rajasimha P... Narasimhavarman I founder of Mamallapuram, Mahendravarman I (600 – 630 A.D.) Chitrakarapuli. This deals with government because the kings and rulers of the Indus valley used these citadels to their advantage to gain authority. Copper, gold, tin, silver were brought from the Nilgiri region of South India, Mysore, Rajputana, Kashmir, Afghanistan and Persia. Both men and women used two pieces of cloth. The existence of forts has led Prof. Wheeler to surmise that the ruling class dominated over the workers and peasants from these forts. Agriculture – The Indus people sowed seeds in the flood plains in November when the flood water receded, and reaped their harvests of wheat and barley in April, before the advent of the next flood. Introduction to Political Life of Indus valley civilization: There is no clear idea of the political organization of the Indus Valley people. Farming settlements began around 4000 BCE and around 3000 BCE there appeared the first signs of urbanization. The nature of the Indus civilization’s agricultural system is still largely a matter of conjecture due to the paucity of information surviving through the ages. The economic history of India begins with the Indus Valley Civilisation (3300–1300 BCE), whose economy appears to have depended significantly on trade and examples of overseas trade. Indus civilization, also called Indus valley civilization or Harappan civilization, the earliest known urban culture of the Indian subcontinent. This civilization is sometimes called the . The discovery of a granary at Harappa lends support to this. Four hundred distinct signs have so far been listed from it. wheat, barley, peas, kodon, sanwa, jowar, ragi, etc. 07 Indus valley civilization 1. Clay modeling was general social amusements of people. It also shows great knowledge of for 800 years. Social, Religious, and Cultural Life 6. There are various theories about the origin of the Indus Script. The social and economic life of the people of Indus Valley Civilization (Harappan Civilization) was systematic and organised. The river valley civilizations are composed of Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Indus Valley, and China. People were usually craftsman or farmer during this time mainly because of the river(s). animals. Their living standards as supported by trade and brisk economic activity were high. Many historians have discovered existence of different classes in the Harappan society from the difference of the funeral custom. A citadel is a barrier of a civilization to protect it from invasions and natural disasters. The Indus Valley Civilisation (IVC) was a Bronze Age civilisation in the northwestern regions of South Asia, lasting from 3300 BCE to 1300 BCE, and in its mature form from 2600 BCE to 1900 BCE. The flood deposited every year fresh alluvial silt, which is highly productive and for which no major furrowing and certainly no manures and irrigation were required. But the similarities go up to the certain points only. Introduction to Political Life of Indus valley civilization: There is no clear idea of the political organization of the Indus Valley people. The evidence suggests they had a highly developed city life; many houses had wells and bathrooms as well as an elaborate underground drainage system. Some scholars believe that there was a prosperous and powerful ruling class in the Indus cities who imposed their domination on the rest. They also made Pottery, Weaving. (a) Food-Vegetarian and non-vegetarian items of provisions were eaten by the subjects of Indus Valley Civilization.Significant stuffs of food comprised wheat, barley, rice, milk, fish, beef, mutton etc., in addition to date, which was their preferred fruit. Animal worship is attested by seals and terracotta figurines. But Dr. Basham has rejected this view on the ground that no idol has been found within these buildings. They used to spend time with their friends and families. were made of bronze or copper. The art of handicrafts flourished. Structure of the presentation Global civilization’s Timeline Introduction Excavations Phases oh Harappan civilization Town planning system Citadel Important cities of IVC Economic life End of civilization What is Fresh Water and How can we conserve it? Shiva has infinite and limitless powers. They were the rulers and warriors of the kingdom. The “vanity case” and the toilet jars found at Harappa consisted of ivory powder, face-paint and many other varieties of cosmetics. Surplus grain is stored in granaries. The potter, the mason, the metal worker had high demand. The direction of writing is from right to left, and in few classes from left to right. The existence of two roomed tenements has led Sir Mortimer Wheeler to guess that they were perhaps workers’ quarters. Dicing was a favorite pastime. This proves the use of cotton for weaving social cloths. The ornaments were decorated with precious stones like jade, carnelian, agate and lapis-lazuli. Post Mauryan India : Kanva, Cheta, Parthians, Kus... Sunga dynasty (185-71 BC) : Pushyamitra Sunga, Bindusara (293-273 BC): son of Chandragupta, Mauryan Empire: Chandragupta Maurya (321-293 BC), Megasthenes - The first foreign ambassador to India. Dogs, cats were also domesticated. There In the middle period, this civilization progressed well. Status made of bronze, stone and sandstone The social and economic life of of the people of Indus Valley Civilization (Harappan Civilization) was systematic and organised. Trade was based on the barter system. The bathing pool is 39 feet by 23 feet with 8 feet depth. Domestic implements like axe, knife, needles, saws etc. At Umma and Akkad two bales of Indus clothes with Indus seals have been discovered. The worship of Shiva Linga was prevalent. Besides food was supplied from distant areas by boats plying on New questions in History These were supplemented by the exploitation of wild resources, such as fish. Silver and sapphire were imported from Persia and Afghanistan. The nuclear dates of the civilization appear to be about 2500–1700 bce, though the southern sites may have lasted later into the 2nd millennium bce. Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj - founder of Maratha Empire, Complete list of Bharat Ratna Awardees from 1952 to 2016, Bahmani Sultanate (1347–1527) and its Socio-economic condition, architecture and Culture. were made of earth and stone. about 4,500 years ago and was centered in the vast river . That the Indus people had a brisk trade link with Western Asia is clear from the discovery of the Indus seals in these areas. Indus . Social, Economic and Political System; Change in Technology; Reflection; The Governing System. All men of the cities and the nearby areas did not enjoy social and economic equality. The excellence in art and craft is proved by fine ornaments, stone and copper implements and the potters. The skeletal remains of camels have prompted scholars to think that trade with Turkomania and West Asia was also carried by overland route. In this article we will discuss about the food, social Dress, ornaments, house hold articles, amusements, trade, social class and structure, religion and funerary customs of the people of Indus Valley Civilization. It provided fertile soil and clay. It existed from 3300 BCE to 1300 BCE. Please post a brief study of mesopotamian civlization. The people had good understanding of an urban civilization. The Indus script is yet a closed realm to scholars as it is undeciphered. Cancel Unsubscribe. The Mesopotamian (Sumerian) scribes in the Middle Bronze Age refer frequently to a place they call Meluhha. The Indus Valley Civilization 1. The Indus Valley Civilization was an ancient civilization located in what is Pakistan and northwest India today, on the fertile flood plain of the Indus River and its vicinity. 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